Suggested Uses of Bulk Herbs  'N-O-P-R'


The information on this Website is for educational purposes only!     See Disclaimer at the bottom of this pageYour use of any information or materials on this website is entirely at your own risk, for which we shall not be liable.


  CO = CERTIFIED ORGANIC        WC = WILD CRAFTED  (harvested without chemicals)   

C/S = cut and sifted for TEAS        Powdered for Capsules or Tea

 Most Herbs  NOT shown as  'CO'  [Certified Organic]  ARE  'WC'  [Wildcrafted]


Prices  subject  to  change  without  notice.


NO TAX on 'Bulk' Herbs & Teas          100 g (grams)  =  3.53 oz.


The information on this Website is for educational purposes only!     See Disclaimer at the bottom of this page.


NEEM LEAF C/S  CO                 $ 6.73/100g     

NEEM LEAF POWDER  CO        $ 7.23/100g 

NEEM LEAF POWDER  wc        $ 6.52/100g 

 pneumonia, ulcers, gout, diabetes,                                                                  hypertension and heart disease,

 The neem tree holds a great deal of promise for India as a wonder plant with many uses. The leaves have anbibacterial and antiviral properties, and are often used in cosmetic and skin treatment preparations. It is an effective insect repellant, and its astringent properties make it an excellent treatment for skin conditions ranging from acne to eczema. It is used to treat ringworm and other parasitic skin infections and promotes healing of wounds. Taken internally as neem leaf tea, there is evidence to support its use to treat malaria, infection, pneumonia, ulcers, gout, diabetes, hypertension and heart disease, and that's just the start of the long list of conditions and disorders that seem to respond to the regular use of neem leaf and its antibacterial and antiviral properties.

Precautions: Not to be used while pregnant, and the oil should not be applied to broken or heavily abraded skin.

Also known as: Azadirachta indica, Margosa, Nimba, Sarva Roga, & Nivarini.  Introduction:  Long known in Ayurdevic medicine in India, modern research has been confirming the traditional uses of the neem tree in Indian folk medicine. Its many properties and uses has given neem the reputation as Friend and Protector in Indian villages. It is used to fight infection, both bacterial and viral, and to treat diarrhea, fever, burns, urinary disorders, skin diseases and inflammatory conditions. The neem tree is native to India, and has been used in so many ways that it's difficult to count them all. From cleaning teeth and preventing gum disease to promoting restful sleep as a filler for pillows, the neem tree has earned its reputation as a "wonder tree". An evergreen tree that is remarkably tolerant of both heat and drought, the neem can grow up to twenty feet in three years. It has pesticide, germicide and medicinal properties, is resistant to termites and is often used in reforestation efforts. The tree begins bearing fruit at three to five years, and each tree can produce up to 110 pounds of fruit in a year. Its fast growth, quick maturity and high production combined make the neem tree one of the most valuable plants in India.     Constituents:  Alkaloids and liminoids, including azadirachitin, gedunin, nimbin, nimbidin, nimbinene desacetylnimbinase, nimbandial, nimbolide and quercentin.     Parts Used:  Dried leaf, and oil from the seeds     Typical Preparations:  Incorporated into creams, pastes, and ointment. Oil may be applied directly. Sometimes used as a tea and in extract form.

Stinging Nettle Interactions What is this?

Moderate Interaction Be cautious with this combination

  • Lithium interacts with STINGING NETTLE

    Stinging nettle might have an effect like a water pill or "diuretic." Taking stinging nettle might decrease how well the body gets rid of lithium. This could increase how much lithium is in the body and result in serious side effects. Talk with your healthcare provider before using this product if you are taking lithium. Your lithium dose might need to be changed.

  • Medications for diabetes (Antidiabetes drugs) interacts with STINGING NETTLE

    Stinging nettle above ground parts might decrease blood sugar. Diabetes medications are also used to lower blood sugar. Taking stinging nettle along with diabetes medications might cause your blood sugar to go too low. Monitor your blood sugar closely. The dose of your diabetes medication might need to be changed.

    Some medications used for diabetes include glimepiride (Amaryl), glyburide (DiaBeta, Glynase PresTab, Micronase), insulin, pioglitazone (Actos), rosiglitazone (Avandia), chlorpropamide (Diabinese), glipizide (Glucotrol), tolbutamide (Orinase), and others.

  • Medications for high blood pressure (Antihypertensive drugs) interacts with STINGING NETTLE

    Stinging nettle above ground parts seem to decrease blood pressure. Taking stinging nettle along with medications for high blood pressure might cause your blood pressure to go too low.

    Some medications for high blood pressure include captopril (Capoten), enalapril (Vasotec), losartan (Cozaar), valsartan (Diovan), diltiazem (Cardizem), Amlodipine (Norvasc), hydrochlorothiazide (HydroDiuril), furosemide (Lasix), and many others.

  • Sedative medications (CNS depressants) interacts with STINGING NETTLE

    Large amounts of stinging nettle above ground parts might cause sleepiness and drowsiness. Medications that cause sleepiness are called sedatives. Taking stinging nettle along with sedative medications might cause too much sleepiness.

    Some sedative medications include clonazepam (Klonopin), lorazepam (Ativan), phenobarbital (Donnatal), zolpidem (Ambien), and others.

  • Warfarin (Coumadin) interacts with STINGING NETTLE

    Stinging nettle above ground parts contain large amounts of vitamin K. Vitamin K is used by the body to help blood clot. Warfarin (Coumadin) is used to slow blood clotting. By helping the blood clot, stinging nettle might decrease the effectiveness of warfarin (Coumadin). Be sure to have your blood checked regularly. The dose of your warfarin (Coumadin) might need to be changed.

  • NETTLE LEAF (Stinging) C/S  CO   $ 7.81/100g

    NETTLE LEAF POWDER  CO       8.35/100g

    NETTLE LEAF POWDER  wc       6.45/100g

    NETTLE ROOT POWDER  wc      6.28/100g


      Enlarged Prostate      Recommended for non-inflammatory arthritis, osteoporosis and rheumatism.      May be helpful for skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis.     Supportive therapy for cystitis, urinary tract infections and kidney stones      Info below from: 

    Stinging Nettle Overview Information

    Stinging nettle is a plant. People use the root and above ground parts as medicine.

    Stinging nettle is used for many conditions, but so far, there isn’t enough scientific evidence to determine whether or not it is effective for any of them.

    Stinging nettle root is used for urination problems related to an
    enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia [BPH]). These problems include nighttime urination, too frequent urination, painful urination, inability to urinate, and irritable bladder.

    Stinging nettle root is also used for joint ailments, as a diuretic, and as an astringent.

    Stinging nettle above ground parts are used along with large amounts of fluids in so-called “irrigation therapy” for
    urinary tract infections (UTI), urinary tract inflammation, and kidney stones (nephrolithiasis). The above-ground parts are also used for allergies, hayfever, and osteoarthritis.

    Some people use the above ground parts of stinging nettle for
    internal bleeding, including uterine bleeding, nosebleeds, and bowel bleeding. The above ground parts are also used for anemia, poor circulation, an enlarged spleen, diabetes and other endocrine disorders, stomach acid, diarrhea and dysentery, asthma, lung congestion, rash and eczema, cancer, preventing the signs of aging, “blood purification,” wound healing, and as a general tonic.

    Stinging nettle above ground parts are applied to the
    skin for muscle aches and pains, oily scalp, oily hair, and hair loss (alopecia).

     In manufacturing, stinging nettle extract is used as an ingredient in hair and skin products.  Stinging nettle leaf has a long history of use. It was used primarily as a diuretic and laxative in ancient Greek times.

    Don’t confuse stinging nettle (Uritica dioica) with white dead nettle (Lamium album).

    How does it work?

    Stinging nettle contains ingredients that might decrease inflammation and increase urine output.

    Stinging Nettle Uses & Effectiveness What is this?

    Insufficient Evidence for:

    • Hay fever. Starting stinging nettle at the first sign of hay fever symptoms seems to help.
    • Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). There is contradictory evidence about the effectiveness of stinging nettle for symptoms of BPH. Most of the studies have looked at the effects of a combination product that contains both stinging nettle and saw palmetto. One particular product (PRO 160/120, Willmar Schwabe GmbH, Germany) containing a specific extract of stinging nettle (WS 1031) 120 mg plus a specific extract of saw palmetto (WS 1473) 160 mg seems to significantly improve urinary tract symptoms in men with BPH when taken twice daily for 24-48 weeks. This combination seems to be comparable to the prescription medicationfinasteride for relieving symptoms of BPH, and may be better tolerated. However, it is not known if this benefit is due to stinging nettle, saw palmetto, or both ingredients.
      On the other hand, another combination product containing stinging nettle root extract 80 mg, saw palmetto lipoidal extract 106 mg, pumpkin seed oil extract 160 mg, lemon bioflavonoid extract 33 mg, and vitamin A (100% as beta-carotene) 190 IU does not significantly improve symptoms of BPH when taken three times daily for 6 months.
    • Osteoarthritis. There is evidence that taking stinging nettle leaf extract by mouth or applying it to the skin might improve symptoms of pain in people with arthritis. Stinging nettle is sometimes used in combination with conventional painkillers such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). There is some evidence that this practice might let people use lower doses of the painkiller and get the same benefit.
    • Water retention.
    • Internal bleeding.
    • Anemia.
    • Poor circulation.
    • Diabetes.
    • Diarrhea.
    • Asthma.
    • Cancer.
    • Wound healing.
    • Other conditions.

    More evidence is needed to rate stinging nettle for these uses.

    Stinging Nettle Side Effects & Safety

    Stinging nettle is POSSIBLY SAFE when used appropriately and for less than 6 months. It might cause stomach complaints and sweating. Touching the stinging nettle plant can cause skin irritation. The safety of using stinging nettle long-term is unknown.

    Special Precautions & Warnings:

    Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Stinging nettle is LIKELY UNSAFE to take during pregnancy. It might stimulate uterine contractions and cause a miscarriage. It’s also best to avoid stinging nettle if you are breast-feeding.

    Diabetes: There is some evidence stinging nettle above ground parts can decrease blood sugar levels. It might increase the chance of low blood sugar in people being treated for diabetes. Monitor your blood sugar carefully if you have diabetes and use stinging nettle.

    High blood pressure: There is some evidence that stinging nettle above ground parts might lower blood pressure. If you are taking blood pressure medications along with stinging nettle, your blood pressure might drop too low. If you have high blood pressure, discuss stinging nettle with your healthcare provider before starting it.

    Kidney problems: The above ground parts of stinging nettle seem to increase urine flow. If you have kidney problems, discuss stinging nettle with your healthcare provider before starting it.


    OAK BARK (WHITE) C/S            $ 5.65

    OAK BARK (WHITE) POWDER    $ 5.33 

    The primary use of oak bark for making bath additives and gargles to stop bacterial and viral infections. An alcohol tincture painted on the skin or used to make a cream helps fight staph infections. Research is undergoing to confirm the traditional use of oak bark decoctions in treating kidney stones. There are indications that the bark not only dissolves stones but also stops the growth of the bacteria surrounding them. German researchers also report that regular consumption of the bark may lower cholesterol, although there are more effective herbs for this purpose.  Precautions:  Avoid bathing a large area of inflamed skin all at once. Oak bark infusions, extracts, and tinctures taken internally should be timed so that any medication (especially any medication that has to be taken on a relatively alkaline or empty stomach) is not in the digestive tract. Take oak bark 4 hours before or 4 hours after any prescription medication.    Introduction:
    The oak's botanical name quercus comes from the Celtic words quer (fine) and cuez (tree). White oak bark?s astringent powers have been known to practitioners of herbal healing for thousands of years. The Romans used decoctions of oak bark to treat chronic diarrhea, dysentery, and hemorrhage. Herbalists of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries used oak bark to "tan" the lining of the throat to stop pain and prevent reinfection from viruses and bacteria.   
    Constituents:  Starch, tannins, resins, calcium oxalate, quillaic acid.    Parts Used:  Dried or toasted bark. Gentle dry heat increases the concentration of volatile oils in the bark. Bark, ground before storage. Gentle heating concentrates healing volatile oils in oak bark pieces, but destroys volatile oils in oak bark once it has been powdered.    Typical Preparations:  Baths, washes, infusions, teas, tinctures. 


    OAT STRAW C/S              $ 4.78/100g       

    OAT STRAW POWDER      $ 5.33

    Modern European herbal medicine, paid for by insurance, uses oat straw as a nervous system restorative and to strengthen a weakened constitution, as well as to treat genital herpes and shingles. There is no doubt that the silicic acid in the herb is soothing on skin. What about the use of oat straw as a sexual stimulant? A single scientific study a number of years ago found that oat straw stimulates the release of luteinizing hormone, however there is no scientific evidence that oat straw has an effect on the human body's use of testosterone. On the other hand, there is no conclusive scientific evidence that it doesn't.  Precautions:  None, unless you are allergic to oats. Gluten sensitivity will not be activated by use of oat straw on the skin.     Introduction:  Oat straw is, as its name suggests, the above-ground parts of the oat plant left after harvesting the grain. Oats are one of the plants that humans have eaten since prehistoric times The German E Commission states that oats, both straw and tops, are said to be good for chronic anxiety and stress. In Europe, oat straw is a long-trusted additive to soaps and skin conditioners. Oats are a staple of breakfast cereals, as well as being known to help the body in the management of healthy skin, hair, and nails. Recently, there has been some articles written claiming oatstraw may help with erectile dysfunction, and as such is a popular ingredient in alternatives to Viagra. 
    Constituents:  Carbohydrates, silicic acid.   Parts Used:  The threshed and dried stem and leaf, and the dried or fresh milky tops.   Typical Preparations:  Baths, tinctures, teas, and skin care products.

    OLIVE LEAF  C/S  CO         $ 5.71   


    OLIVE LEAF POWDER  wc    5.35


      Powerful antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal and antiparasitic activity

    Ideal for colds, flu's and other respiratory infections.

     Helps destroy canidida yeast and parasites.

     Supports immune function.

    Olive leaf teas have been used for thousands of years to lower fevers, and olive leaf poultices are among the oldest therapies for infections of the skin. Olive leaf is associated with a variety of modern medical claims, some of them backed up with scientific evidence: ´ Antibacterial effects. Elenoic acid from olives is known to be antibacterial (killing both infectious and helpful bacteria), but the elenoic acid in olive leaf may be broken down in the process of making the tea. Olive leaf poultices may heal skin by encouraging circulation rather than by killing bacteria. ´ Cardiovascular effects. Oleuropein in olive leaf and in olives may prevent LDL cholesterol from oxidizing into a form that can form atherosclerotic plaques. The chemical also lowers blood pressure, although only slightly (3 to 8 mm/Hg after 3 to 4 weeks? use). ´ Diabetes. Olive leaf extracts have been shown in laboratory studies to lower blood sugars, but their use in treating diabetes in humans is not well documented.    Precautions:  Olive leaf tea should be taken with meals. Safety of the herb during pregnancy has not been established.

    Also known as:  Olea europaea, Italian Olive, and Olive.      Introduction:  The olive is a small evergreen tree native to Mediterranean regions, but naturalized to climates as varied as those of Australia, California, and Texas. The well-known green to blue-black fruit of this tree yields a useful, edible oil. Both the oil and the dried green-grayish colored leaves are used in herbal medicine.      Constituents:  Apigenin, choline, cinchonine, luteolin, mannitol, olivin, tannins.     Parts Used:  Dried leaves and leaf fragments.     Typical Preparations:  Traditionally used as a tea, sometimes available in tea bags; also used with great success in extracts and capsules.


    ORANGE PEEL CUT, SMALL PIECES        $ 3.76/100g

    Orange peel acts as anti-inflammatory due to the high flavonoid content, and as an anti-bacterial and anti-microbial agent. One of the major components of Orange Peel (d-limonene) has been reported to have anti-carcinogenic activities and further studies are being conducted. It is used in traditional Chinese Medicine to "reduce accumulation," whether gas in the intestine, pressure from cramping, stool in the bowels, phlegm in the lungs and throat, or "too much blood energy" resulting in high blood pressure.  Precautions:  Women who are pregnant should not take Orange peel and there have been a few cases where children developed intestinal colic. Large doses may cause photo-toxicity in some individuals.

    Also known as
    Citrus sinensis, Sweet Orange, Valencia Orange, Ruby Orange, Navel Orange.

    Peels from any member of the Sweet Orange family have been used in Traditional Chinese Medicine at least since the writing of the Divine Husbandman's Classic of the Materia Medica, written in the second century BC. The little known fact is that there are substantially more enzymes, flavonoids, and phyto-nutrients in the peel of the Orange rather than the fruit. The peel is where all the essential components accumulate and they may be found in three main sections of the peel; the flavedo, albedo, and oil sacs. It is believed that the Sweet Orange has its origins in China and from here it has been cultivated in virtually every country across the globe with most of the current production coming from Florida, California and parts of the Mediterranean.

    Vitamin C, Vitamin B1, Choline, Folic Acid, over 60 known flavonoids, d-limonene, alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, aldehydes, numerous minerals and vitamins.

    Parts Used
    The peel of the fruit picked at its ripe stage and then dried.

    Typical Preparations
    The cut peel is traditionally used as a tea, and the powdered peel is used to add a sweet, fizzy flavor to drinks. Many cosmetics call for peel in either cut form or as a powder. Its light flavor makes it easy to add into tea blends, and the peel can also be incorporated into jams, jellies, stir-fry dishes and many other culinary creations.

    OREGON GRAPE ROOT C/S             $ 7.85/100g         

    Benefits of Herb - Oregon Grape

    Oregan grape is an evergreen shrub which was first used by native Americans. It has many common medicinal uses and constituents. Roots and bark of Oregon grape have been used to treat skin diseases, such as psoriasis, fungal infections, eczema and acne. They were also suggested for jaundice, gall bladder disease, gastritis, fever, hemorrhage, and cancer.

    In this article, we discuss several interesting benefits on Oregon grape

    • Oregon grape is considered to reduce gallbladder inflammation and relieve liver congestion.
    • Oregon grape root has synergistic antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and bile-stimulating properties which make the crude extract useful in acne. Some animal studies suggest that Oregon grape root also can boost the effectiveness of common antibiotics.
    • The berries were used to relieve poor appetite and root of the plant was made into tea for relieving arthritis, diarrhea, jaundice, fever, and many other health problems.
    • Oregon grape improves the flow of blood to the liver and acts as a bitter tonic, stimulating the flow of bile and intestinal secretions.
    • It is also useful to treat colds, flu, and numerous infections.
    • Oregon grape may be somewhat effective for reducing inflammation, skin irritation, and itching in people with mild to moderate psoriasis.
    • Oregon grape is often used to treat hepatitis, poor intestinal tone and function, and general gastrointestinal dysfunction.

    In the lab, it has been shown to kill or suppress the growth of some of the nastiest pathogens (disease-causing microbes): Candida and other fungi, Staphylococcus, Entamoeba histolytica, Streptococcus, Giardia lamblia, E. coli, Trichomonas vaginalis, Vibrio cholerae, and numerous others.
    Oregon grape's medicinal effects are due to alkaloids including berberine, canadine, berbamine, and hydrastine. The berberine alkaloid, a constituent of Oregon grape, has been shown to be of benefit for some patients with cirrhosis of the liver. Berberine also inhibits the ability of bacteria to attach to human cells, which helps prevent and treat infections.
    The alkaloids in particular may be responsible for Oregon grape's ability to treat diarrhea in people. It also inhibits the ability of bacteria to attach to human cells, whereby preventing infection in the intestines, throat and urinary tract.
    Herbalists recommend it as an eyewash (because it must be highly diluted, don't try to make the eye preparations yourself), as a vaginal douche, or topically as a skin wash. Oregon grape is an effective alternative to antibiotics in many situations. Check with your naturopathic physician or herbalist regarding the treatment of infectious conditions.

    PAPAYA LEAF C/S                 4.72/100g 

    Benefits of Papaya Leaf
    Papaya Leaf turned out to have a myriad of benefits to the body. Do not misunderstand behind the sense of bitterness turns to save properties so much. And what are they? We know that papaya is also good for the body, but the leaves are also not to be underestimated.

    Here are some of the benefits of papaya leaves that you must know:
    1. Benefits of Papaya leaves As an acne medicine.
    For those of you who do not feel confident to have facial acne. Especially for women who always pay attention to beauty. Papaya leaves can treat it is to make a mask.
    How to make a mask: take 2-3 papaya leaves are already old. Then drying and mash until smooth. Add about half a tablespoon of water, new can be utilized to advance the full face.

    2. Benefits digestion Streamlining
    The leaves of the papaya plant contain a chemical compound karpain. Substances that can kill microorganisms that often interfere with digestion.

    3. Increase appetite
    This benefit is especially for kids that are difficult to eat. Take a fresh papaya leaves, and the size of the palm of the hand. If you have found a little salt and half a cup of warm water. Mix and blend. Then strain the water, well water that can be used to increase appetite.

    4. Scarlet fever
    Who would have thought that papaya is also able to cure dengue fever. Try to take five leaves. Add half liter of water and boil. Take water if it has been left behind 3/4 only. Stars had never prove it, so if things do not improve immediately to the doctor immediately (even if the patient feel better suggest him to the doctor). Consider it for first aid!

    5. Benefits of Papaya leaf to Rreduce Menstrual pain
    Women often make use of the ancient Javanese papaya to treat menstrual pain. Simply Take 1 sheet of leaf only, add tamarind and salt. Then mix with a glass of water and boil. Let cool before drinking the potion papaya.

    6. Anti cancer
    It is still uncertain, but from several studies that the benefits of papaya leaves can also be developed as anti-cancer. Actually, not only the leaves but also stems papaya can be used. Since both have milky latex (a milky white sap).


    Moderate Interaction Be cautious with this combination

    • Warfarin (Coumadin) interacts with PARSLEY

      Warfarin (Coumadin) is taken to thin the blood and slow blood clotting. Large amounts of parsley leaf might increase blood clotting. Taking parsley along with warfarin might decrease how well warfarin (Coumadin) works to thin the blood.

    • Water pills (Diuretic drugs) interacts with PARSLEY

      Parsley seems to work like a "water pill" by causing the body to lose water. Taking parsley along with other "water pills" might cause the body to lose too much water. Losing too much water can cause you to be dizzy and your blood pressure to go too low.

      Some "water pills" include chlorothiazide (Diuril), chlorthalidone (Thalitone), furosemide (Lasix), hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ, HydroDIURIL, Microzide), and others.

    PARSLEY LEAF POWDER            4.47/100g  [see ROOT below]

     A source of chlorophyll; internal deodorizer       Anti-bacterial & anti-fungal properties

    Aids detoxification

    Parsley is an herb. The leaf, seed, and root are used to make medicine. Be careful not to confuse parsley with fool's parsley and parsley piert.

    Parsley is used for urinary tract infections (UTIs), kidney stones (nephrolithiasis), gastrointestinal (GI) disorders, constipation, jaundice, intestinal gas (flatulence), indigestion, colic, diabetes, cough, asthma, fluid retention (edema), osteoarthritis, “tired blood” (anemia), high blood pressure, prostate conditions, and spleen conditions. It is also used to start menstrual flow, to cause an abortion, as an aphrodisiac, and as a breath freshener.

    Some people apply parsley directly to the skin for cracked or chapped skin, bruises, tumors, insect bites, lice, parasites, and to stimulate hair growth.

    How does it work?      Parsley might help stimulate the appetite, improve digestion, increase urine production, reduce spasms, and increase menstrual flow.

    Special Precautions & Warnings: Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Parsley in food amounts is fine, but parsley in the larger medicinal amounts is LIKELY UNSAFE when taken by mouth during pregnancy. Parsley has been used to cause an abortion and to start menstrual flow. In addition, developing evidence suggests that taking An-Tai-Yin, an herbal combination product containing parsley and dong quai, during the first three months of pregnancy increases the risk of serious birth defects. If you are pregnant, stick with using only the amount of parsley typically found in food.

    Not enough is known about the safety of using parsley in medicinal amounts during breast-feeding. It’s best not to use more than typical food amounts of parsley.

    Fluid retention (edema): There is a concern that parsley might cause the body to hold onto sodium (salt), and this increases water retention.

    High blood pressure: There is a concern that parsley might cause the body to hold onto sodium (salt), and this could make high blood pressure worse.

    Kidney disease: Don’t take parsley if you have kidney disease. Parsley contains chemicals that can make kidney disease worse.

    Minor Interaction Be watchful with this combination

    • Aspirin interacts with PARSLEY

      Some people are allergic to parsley. Aspirin might increase your sensitivity to parsley if you are allergic to parsley. This has only been reported in one person. But to be on the safe side, if you are allergic to parsley do not take aspirin and eat parsley.

     PARSLEY ROOT C/S           7.08/100g     new

       info to come soon

    PARTRIDGEBERRY HERB POWDER          $ 13.02/100g

    Also called  'Squawvine'   

    The tea and infusions have been used by Native American women to help prepare the body for childbirth, and is believed to help relieve painful menstruation by toning the uterus, and for fluid retention, as well as to increase fertility, relieve menstrual problems and prepare the body for childbirth. Several noted herbalists of the past and present recommend drinking an infusion of partridgeberry with raspberry leaves during the last weeks of pregnancy to help prepare the body for labor, or with cramp bark and passionflower for dysmenorrhea. In addition, many writers note that partridgeberry (squawvine)  exerts a calming influence on the nerves. The uses are mostly traditional, and recommended by practitioners of holistic medicine. There's no supporting research, but the anecdotal evidence is strong.  Precautions:  Partridgeberry (Squawvine) has been found to be safe, although it may have abortifacient qualities if taken in large enough quantities, so please only use under the guidance of a qualified herbal practitioner if you are pregnant.


    PASSION FLOWER HERB  C/S    $ 6.48 /100g  

    PASSION FLOWER HERB POWDER    $6.21 /100g  

    PASSION FLOWER LEAF  C/S    $ 7.28 /100g 

    PASSION FLOWER LEAF POWDER    $ 7.70 /100g 

    Natural Stress Relief.       May be helpful for anxiety, restlessness and insomnia.

      Helpful for hyperactivity in children.

    Herbalists in Mexico, Central America & Texas have used Passionflower as a calmative & sleeping aid for over 200 years. Relieving muscle tension, the herb lowers blood pressure & calms anxiety.  Passionflower is aslo a source of chrysin, a chemical that helps the body release testosterone. 

    Chrysin stimulates the production of testosterone, and may aggravate conditions caused by excessive testosterone (baldness and prostate problems in men, unusual aggression, hair growth, and skin problems in men and women) so this should be evaluated before consuming too much Passionflower. Currently there is a German E monograph for passionflower citing its use as having sedative qualities.  Precautions:  Pregnant women should avoid passionflower, since it can stimulate uterine contractions. Safe dosages for children under 6 have not been established. Caution should be used by those on other sedatives, as Passionflower may intensify the effects.


    PAU D ARCO BARK  C/S      $ 4.46/100g    

    PAU D ARCO BARK POWDER     $ 0.00/100g    out of stock

    Anti-inflammatory     Anti-parasitic

    Fights bacteria, fungi and yeast

    Used as Tea, tincture or encapsulation. Like cat's claw, pau d'arco tincture should be taken in water with a little lemon juice so tannins can be absorbed through the colon. The scientific study of pau d'arco is still very preliminary. There is a great deal of practical evidence, however, that pau d'arco can be used with success to treat colds, flu, sore throat, and yeast infections, and there is laboratory evidence that the herb contains compounds that protect against tropical diseases, specifically malaria, schistosomiasis, and tropical fevers. The herb is added to ointments to treat psoriasis, and taken orally to relieve ulcers.  Precautions: Research indicates that it may interfere with blood thinning drugs. Large amounts may be toxic.

    PEPPERMINT LEAF C/S               $ 4.40/100g      


     Soothe digestion     Intestinal support     Improve gastric tone     Easily digest food

    According to the American Botanical Council Peppermint is helpful in assiting people with general indigestion and non-ulcer dyspepsia and makes for a soothing and warming after dinner tea The essential oil of peppermint can be applied to the skin or mouth to relieve pain. The essential oil in peppermint teas relieves the pain associated with colitis and colic. Both the peppermint leaf and peppermint oil have German E commission monographs, both for use as a carminative, and as an antibacterial. Precautions:  For best results, avoid boiling a peppermint tea, and instead add simmering water to a cup of the material instead of boiling directly.

    Peppermint contains an essential oil that is unique to other mints for its quality and flavor, and artificial mint compounds do not effectively duplicate its aroma or medicinal effects. Peppermint is one of the most popular herbs in teas, candies, and chewing gums. Cultivation and oil production started in the US in the 1790's, and was a major export business by the mid 1800's. The U.S. is still the world's leading producer of peppermint oil, making an average of 4,117 tons annually. Although the traditional use is a tea to improve digestion, most clinical trials have studied the oil in enteric-coated capsules used internally to treat irritable bowel syndrome and externally to treat tension headache. Some companies in Japan are said to pipe peppermint oil into their AC system to invigorate their workers, and thereby increase productivity.

    The essential oil of peppermint (up to 2.5% in the dried leaf) is mostly made up from menthol (ca. 50%), menthone (10 to 30%), menthyl esters (up to 10%) and several monoterpene derivatives (pulegone, piperitone, menthofurane). Traces of jasmone (0.1%) give the oil its characteristically "minty" scent. The aromatic chemicals in the mint are concentrated when the plant is grown in areas with long, warm, bright summer days.

    Parts Used
    Dried or fresh leaf, and essential oil.


    PERIWINKLE HERB  C/S         $ 5.40/100g         SALE  4.44

    PERIWINKLE POWDER      $ 5.85

    --There is some clinical evidence that the periwinkle chemical vinpocetine can increase blood flow to the brain, increasing oxygenation, and also protect brain cells from damage by a chemical called phosphodiesterase. In one study, a majority of 203 clinical study volunteers with dementia experienced measurable improvement after treatment. Vinpocetine is also commended for memory enhancement in health people, and tried as a means of reducing brain injury after strokes. Precautions: Periwinkle is the source of vinpocetine; it is not pure vinpocetine. If you use the whole herb you are relying on a rounded blend of healing chemicals found in the minimally processed plant. Periwinkle does not cause any known interactions with blood thinning medications (such as aspirin, Coumarin, Plavix, Ticlid, or Trental), although vinpocetine extracted from it does. Vinpocetine can cause either increased or decreased bleeding depending on the medication; this is why whole periwinkle is preferred.  It should not be used extensively for a long term.

    Further information for consideration:

    Periwinkle is an herb. The parts that grow above the ground are used to make medicine. Don’t confuse periwinkle with Madagascar periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus).

    Despite serious safety concerns, periwinkle is used for “brain health” (increasing blood circulation in the brain, supporting brain metabolism, increasing mental productivity, preventing memory and concentration problems and feebleness, improving memory and thinking ability, and preventing early aging of brain cells).

    Periwinkle is also used for treating diarrhea, vaginal discharge, throat ailments, tonsillitis, chest pain, high blood pressure, sore throat, intestinal pain and swelling (inflammation), toothache, and water retention (edema). It is also used for promoting wound healing, improving the way the immune system defends the body, and for “blood-purification.”

    A chemical in periwinkle called vincamine can be converted in the laboratory to the compound vinpocetine, which is marketed as a dietary supplement.

    How does it work?  Periwinkle can lower blood pressure. It can also help reduce swelling (inflammation) and have a drying (astringent) effect on the tissues.

    PERIWINKLE Uses & Effectiveness:  

    Insufficient Evidence for:

    • Preventing brain disorders.  Tonsillitis.  Sore throat.  Intestinal swelling (inflammation).   Toothache.   Chest pain.   Wounds.   High blood pressure.
    • Other conditions.
    More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of periwinkle for these uses.

    PERIWINKLE Side Effects & Safety

    Periwinkle is UNSAFE. It can cause side effects such as nausea, vomiting, and other stomach and intestinal symptoms. It can also cause nerve, kidney, and liver damage. Large amounts can cause very low blood pressure.

    Special Precautions & Warnings:

    Periwinkle is UNSAFE for anyone to use, according to WebMD, but people with certain conditions are especially at risk for harmful side effects.

    Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Periwinkle is UNSAFE. Don’t use it.

    Constipation: Periwinkle has a drying effect on tissues. This means it can make constipation worse. Don’t use it.

    Low blood pressure: Periwinkle can lower blood pressure. If you already have low blood pressure, using periwinkle can make it drop too low. Don’t use it.

    Surgery: Periwinkle can lower blood pressure. There is a concern that it might interfere with blood pressure control during and after surgery. Stop using periwinkle at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.


    PERIWINKLE Interactions:  Moderate Interaction Be cautious with this combination

    • Medications for high blood pressure (Antihypertensive drugs) interacts with PERIWINKLE

      Periwinkle seems to decrease blood pressure. Taking periwinkle along with medications for high blood pressure might cause your blood pressure to go too low.
      Some medications for high blood pressure include captopril (Capoten), enalapril (Vasotec), losartan (Cozaar), valsartan (Diovan), diltiazem (Cardizem), Amlodipine (Norvasc), hydrochlorothiazide (HydroDiuril), furosemide (Lasix), and many others.

    PLANTAIN HERB C/S     $ 5.97     


    --Plantain has been used as a panacea in some Native American cultures and with some very good reasons. Many of its active constituents show antibacterial and antimicrobial properties, as well as being anti-inflammatory and antitoxic. The leaves, shredded or chewed, are a traditional treatment for insect and animal bites and the antibacterial action helps prevent infection and the anti-inflammatory helps to relieve pain, burning, and itching. There is some investigation ongoing to study its affects on lowering blood sugar.    Precautions: None    

    Introduction:  The common plantain grows throughout the US, but is of Eurasian descent, and is now naturalized throughout the world. Legend has it that Alexander the Great discovered it and brought it with him back to Europe in 327 BCE. It has been referred to as the Whiteman's Foot by Native Americans, as wherever they went, it seemed to spring up. and in some places, it is seen as a noxious, invasive weed. It is, however, a useful little plant. It has been used by many cultures the world over, and the Saxons considered it one of their nine sacred herbs. It was considered an early Christian symbol of the path followed by the devout and many cultures todayt refer to it as an aphrodisiac. The leaves are quite edible, and often used raw in salads and cooked as greens. Older leaves have a stronger, sometimes objectionable flavor, and can be tough and stringy, but can be used to make tea. Plantain is very high in vitamins A and C and in calcium. Medicinally, Native Americans used plantain leaves to relieve the pain of bee stings and insect bites, stop the itching of poison ivy and other allergic rashes, and promote healing in sores and bruises. Plantain tea can be used as a mouthwash to help heal and prevent sores in the mouth, and as an expectorant. Most recently, plantain is being marketed as a stop smoking aid, adding one more use to the list of ways that this versatile herb is useful.

    Constituents : allantion, apigenin, aucubin, baicalein, linoleic acid, oleanolic acid, sorbitol, and tannin, beta carotene, vitamin C, calcium    Parts Used: The whole leaf and some stem is acceptable.

    Typical Preparations
    Eaten raw and fresh in salads, as a tea, in tincture form and as an external compress.


    From another article

    Did you know…? Pleurisy Root

    . is considered one of the finest plant expectorants that have been used to ease pleurisy, pneumonia, and other pulmonary and respiratory ailments. It also has been used to promote sweating, which will help to cool the body and reduce eruptive and burning fevers. History: Pleurisy Root is an herbaceous milkweed that is native to North America, and unlike other milkweeds, it does not produce a milky, latex-like sap. It is a handsome, fleshy-rooted perennial that may grow to a height of three feet and bears beautiful clusters of deep yellow and orange flowers. The plant is sensitive and difficult to establish and thrives in dry, sandy, neutral-to-Acid soil in full sun, but when cultivated, Pleurisy Root does not like to be disturbed and prefers good peat soil.

    PLEURISY ROOT C/S  WC         $  11.82/100g

    Chemicals that occur naturally in pleurisy root can reduce the thickness of mucus in the lungs and encourage coughing, which can relieve the pain and congestion associated with pleurisy and other lung problems. In addition, other constituents mimic the action of estrogen in the body, which has made concoctions of pleurisy weed useful in treating menstrual problems, specifically in bringing on delayed menstruation.. Precautions Pleurisy weed products should not be used by pregnant women because of the danger of miscarriage. In addition, pleurisy weed has a similar effect on the heart to digoxin, and should be avoided by those with heart problems, or those who are taking any heart stimulant medications. Pleurisy root may interact with a number of other drugs and herbs, so it's important to consult your health practitioner if you intend to use pleurisy for medicinal purposes. It use is not recommended by those with pre-existing liver conditions. May cause gastro-intestinal upset.


    Beneficial Uses: Pleurisy Root, as its name suggests, has been a very valuable herb in the treatment of pleurisy. It not only eases the pain associated with the illness (which helps to make breathing easier), but most importantly, it is also considered an effective expectorant that encourages, loosens and removes phlegm from the respiratory tract. The herb is said to reduce inflammation of the pleural membranes of the lungs, enhance secretion of healthy lung fluids and stimulate the lymphatic system. Its specific action on the pulmonary and respiratory system is said to help break up   

    colds, ease consumption, bronchitis, Asthma, pneumonia, dry Cough, clogged nasal passages, catarrhal affections of the lungs and throat and virtually all bronchial complaints.

     Pleurisy Root is thought to be good for the digestive system, although not often used for this purpose. It has been used to relieve indigestion and a "gassy stomach" and for flatulent Colic

     As a diaphoretic, Pleurisy Root is said to promote perspiration and sweating, and herbalists have used it to cool the body and reduce eruptive fevers. It has been utilized to ease the feverish stages of colds and Flu, scarlet Fever, rheumatic Fever, bilious Fever, low typhoid states, measles and other burning fevers.  

    Several of Pleurisy Root's historical applications have included treatment for dysentery and Diarrhea, and have been called an effective antispasmatic.

     iT is considered rare and protected in some states. Pleurisy Root is an important nectar source for bees and other insects and a larval food source for monarch butterflies, thereby giving rise to one of its common names, Butterfly Weed. The seed pods in the plant contain soft filaments that are known as "silk," which suggests another of its common names, Silkweed, and this material is considered a fine insulation that may be superior to down feathers. Its botanical name, Asclepias (sometimes spelled Aesclepias) is derived from the Greek god of healing, Aesclepius, because of the plant's many medicinal applications; and the name, Pleurisy Root, is an obvious reference to its historical use to treat pleurisy and other pulmonary ailments. Early Western tribes enjoyed the high dextrose content in Pleurisy Root as a natural sweetener, and Canadian tribes considered it a fine vegetable for the pot.
    The Natchez people employed Pleurisy Root as a remedy for pneumonia, and the Catawbas used it for dysentery. It is interesting to note that Native Americans used Pleurisy Root in their medicines (mostly for lung ailments) for over one thousand years before the herb entered European pharmacopoeias of the eighteenth century or was listed in the United States Pharmacopoeia in the nineteenth century (1820-1920). It is a bitter, acrid, nutty-flavored tonic herb, and its dried roots are used in herbal medicine. Some of the constituents in Pleurisy Root include alpha- and beta-amyrin, resins, amino acids, volatile oil, flavonoids (rutin and QUERCETIN), glucosidal principal (asclepiadin), kaempferol and lupeol.

    POKEWEED ROOT C/S  CO        7.01/100g

    Pokeweed is a plant. The berry and root are used as medicine.

    Pokeweed is UNSAFE to use. Nevertheless, pokeweed root has been used for achy muscles and joints (rheumatism); swelling of the nose, throat, and chest; tonsillitis; hoarse throat (laryngitis); swelling of lymph glands (adenitis); swollen and tender breasts (mastitis); mumps; skin infections including scabies, tinea, sycosis, ringworm, and acne; fluid retention (edema), skin cancers, menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea), and syphilis.

    In foods, pokeweed berry is used as red food coloring and as a wine coloring agent.

    In manufacturing, pokeweed berry is used to make ink and dye.

    Insufficient Evidence for:

    • Joint pain (rheumatism).
    • Tonsillitis.
    • Hoarseness (laryngitis).
    • Mumps.
    • Swelling of the lymph glands.
    • Scabies.
    • Acne.
    • Skin cancers.
    • Painful menstruation.
    • Other conditions.

    More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of pokeweed for these uses.

    POKEWEED Side Effects & Safety

    Pokeweed is UNSAFE to use. All parts of the pokeweed plant, especially the root, are poisonous. Severe poisoning has been reported from drinking tea brewed from pokeweed root and pokeweed leaves. Poisoning also has resulted from drinking pokeberry wine and eating pokeberry pancakes. Eating just 10 berries can be toxic to an adult. Green berries seem to be more poisonous than mature, red berries.

    Pokeweed can cause nausea, vomiting, cramping, stomach pain, diarrhea, low blood pressure, difficulty controlling urination (incontinence), thirst, and other serious side effects.

    Don’t touch pokeweed with your bare hands. Chemicals in the plant can pass though the skin and affect the blood. If you must handle pokeweed, use protective gloves.

    Special Precautions & Warnings:

    Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Pokeweed is UNSAFE for anyone to use, but pregnant women have extra reasons not to take it by mouth or apply it to the skin. Pokeweed berry might cause the uterus to contract and cause a miscarriage. Breast-feeding women should avoid pokeweed, too.

    Children: Pokeweed is UNSAFE for children. Even one berry can be poisonous to a child.

    PRIVET FRUIT POWDER  CO          $ 5.22/100g


    Sweet and bitter at the same time, privet fruit is added to herbal combinations to clear out the "heat" associated with infection and emotional tension. Chinese medicine also uses privet fruit to treat dizziness and blurred vision, especially if symptoms are worst during times of emotional stress.  Modern research has found that the fatty acids in privet fruit are especially helpful for protecting the body from contamination with heavy metals, notably arsenic and cadmium.   Precautions:  Avoid when there is chronic diarrhea.
    Also known as- Ligustrum lucidum, nu zhen zi, Glossy Privet, and Chinese Privet.     Introduction:  The privet fruit is native to China and Eastern Europe, but has now been naturalized throughout the world. It was introduced into the US in 1852 for use as an ornamental. The glossy fruit of the privet bush is one of the oldest Chinese herbal remedies, used for over 2,000 years, at least from the time of the writing of the Divine Husbandman's Classic of the Materia Medica in 190 BCE. It has cooling properties that are known to help the yin, and augment weakness in the liver and kidneys. Known in Chinese as the "female chastity seed," privet fruit was an ancient remedy for premature graying of the hair, ringing in the ear, spots before the eyes, and lower back pain, all of which were associated with excessive sexual activity. It has often been combined with chrysanthemum and wolfberries, and then used as a tonic.    Constituents:  Tannins, oleanolic acid, betulinic acid, ursolic acid. Contains many of the same saponins as soy.    Parts Used:  Fruit, dried and either whole or powdered.     Typical Preparations:  Teas, tinctures, encapsulations, frequently mixed with other herbs.


    Health Benefits

    Pumpkin Seeds May Promote Prostate Health

    Benign prostatic hypertrophy, or BPH, is a condition that commonly affects men 50 years and older in the United States. BPH involves enlargement of the prostate gland. One of the factors that contributes to BPH is overstimulation of the prostate cells by testosterone and its conversion product, DHT (dihydrotestosterone). Components in pumpkin seed oil appear able to interrupt this triggering of prostate cell multiplication by testosterone and DHT, although the exact mechanism for this effect is still a matter of discussion. Equally open for discussion is the relationship between pumpkin seed oil extracts (which could be purchased in the form of a dietary supplement) and pumpkin seeds themselves. The prostate-helpful components found in the oil extracts are definitely found in the seeds; the only question is whether the amount of seeds eaten for a normal snack would contain enough of these prostate-supportive components. The carotenoids found in pumpkin seeds, and the omega-3 fats found in pumpkin seeds are also being studied for their potential prostate benefits. Men with higher amounts of carotenoids in their diet have less risk for BPH; this is the connection that has led to an interest in pumpkin seed carotenoids.

    Zinc is one further nutrient found in pumpkin seeds that might impact prostate function. The fact that pumpkin seeds serve as a good source of zinc may contribute to the role of pumpkin seeds in support of the prostate. However, studies about the relationship between zinc and BPH show mixed results, and more research is needed to determine the circumstances under which zinc might be helpful versus harmful.

    Protection for Men's Bones

    In addition to maintaining prostate health, another reason for older men to make zinc-rich foods, such as pumpkin seeds, a regular part of their healthy way of eating is bone mineral density. Although osteoporosis is often thought to be a disease for which postmenopausal women are at highest risk, it is also a potential problem for older men. Almost 30% of hip fractures occur in men, and 1 in 8 men over age 50 will have an osteoporotic fracture. A study of almost 400 men ranging in age from 45-92 that was published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found a clear correlation between low dietary intake of zinc, low blood levels of the trace mineral, and osteoporosis at the hip and spine.

    Anti-Inflammatory Benefits in Arthritis

    The healing properties of pumpkin seeds have also been recently investigated with respect to arthritis. In animal studies, the addition of pumpkin seeds to the diet has compared favorably with use of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug indomethacin in reducing inflammatory symptoms. Importantly, though, pumpkin seeds did not have one extremely unwanted effect of indomethacin: unlike the drug, pumpkin seeds do not increase the level of damaged fats (lipid peroxides) in the linings of the joints, a side-effect that actually contributes to the progression of arthritis.

    A Rich Source of Healthful Minerals, Protein and Monounsaturated Fat

    In addition to their above-listed unique health benefits, pumpkin seeds also provide a wide range of traditional nutrients. Our food ranking system qualified them as a very good source of the minerals magnesiummanganese and phosphorus, and a good source of ironcopperprotein, and as previously mentioned, zinc. Snack on a quarter-cup of pumpkin seeds and you will receive 46.1% of the daily value for magnesium, 28.7% of the DV for iron, 52.0% of the DV for manganese, 24.0% of the DV for copper, 16.9% of the DV for protein, and 17.1% of the DV for zinc.

    Pumpkin Seed Phytosterols Lower Cholesterol

    Phytosterols are compounds found in plants that have a chemical structure very similar to cholesterol, and when present in the diet in sufficient amounts, are believed to reduce blood levels of cholesterol, enhance the immune response and decrease risk of certain cancers.

    Phytosterols beneficial effects are so dramatic that they have been extracted from soybean, corn, and pine tree oil and added to processed foods, such as "butter"-replacement spreads, which are then touted as cholesterol-lowering "foods." But why settle for an imitation "butter" when Mother Nature's nuts and seeds are a naturally rich source of phytosterols—and cardio-protective fiber, minerals and healthy fats as well?

    In a study in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, researchers published the amounts of phytosterols present in nuts and seeds commonly eaten in the United States.

    Of the nuts and seeds typically consumed as snack foods, pistachios and sunflower seeds were richest in phytosterols (270-289 mg/100 g), closely followed by pumpkin seeds(265 mg/100 g). (100 grams is equivalent to 3.5 ounces.) Sesame seeds had the highest total phytosterol content (400-413 mg per 100 grams) of all nuts and seeds, while English walnuts and Brazil nuts had the lowest (113 mg/100grams and 95 mg/100 grams).


    We no longer carry these, but any Health Food Store does.


    Subtly sweet and nutty with a malleable, chewy texture, the raw seeds from inside your Halloween pumpkin are one of the most nutritious and flavorful seeds around. While pumpkin seeds are available year round, they are the freshest in the fall when pumpkins are in season.

    Pumpkin seeds, also known as pepitas, are flat, dark green seeds. Some are encased in a yellow-white husk, although some varieties of pumpkins produce seeds without shells. Like cantaloupe, cucumber, and squash, pumpkins and pumpkin seeds belong to the gourd or Cucurbitaceae family. 

    Nutrients in
    Pumpkin Seeds
    0.25 cup (32.25 grams)
    Nutrient%Daily Value









    Calories (180)10%

    This chart graphically details the %DV that a serving of Pumpkin seeds provides for each of the nutrients of which it is a good, very good, or excellent source according to our Food Rating System. Additional information about the amount of these nutrients provided by Pumpkin seeds can be found in the Food Rating System Chart (see at bottom of page). A link  takes you to the In-Depth Nutritional Profile for Pumpkin seeds, featuring information of over 80 nutrients, can be found under the Food Rating System Chart.  In this article:

    • Health Benefits
    • Description
    • History
    • How to select and store
    • Tips for Preparing and Cooking
    • How to Enjoy
    • Individual Concerns
    • Nutritional Profile


    Pumpkin seeds, also known as pepitas, are flat, dark green seeds. Some are encased in a yellow-white husk, although some varieties of pumpkins produce seeds without shells. Pumpkin seeds have a malleable, chewy texture and a subtly sweet, nutty flavor. While roasted pumpkins seeds are probably best known for their role as a perennial Halloween treat, these seeds are so delicious, and nutritious, that they can be enjoyed throughout the whole year.

    Like cantaloupe, cucumber, and squash, pumpkins and pumpkin seeds belong to the gourd or Cucurbitaceae family. The most common genus and species name for pumpkin is Cucurbita maxima.


    Pumpkins, and their seeds, were a celebrated food of the Native American Indians who treasured them both for their dietary and medicinal properties. The cultivation of pumpkins spread throughout the world when the European explorers, returning from their journeys, brought back many of the agricultural treasures of the New World. While pumpkin seeds are featured in the recipes of many cultures, they are a special hallmark of traditional Mexican cuisine. Pumpkin seeds have recently become more popular as research suggests that they have unique nutritional and health benefits.

    Today, the leading commercial producers of pumpkins include the United States, Mexico, India and China.

    How to Select and Store

    Pumpkin seeds are generally available in prepackaged containers as well as bulk bins. Just as with any other food that you may purchase in the bulk section, make sure that the bins containing the pumpkin seeds are covered and that the store has a good product turnover so as to ensure the seeds' maximal freshness. Whether purchasing pumpkin seeds in bulk or in a packaged container, make sure that there is no evidence of moisture or insect damage and that they are not shriveled. If it is possible to smell the pumpkin seeds, do so in order to ensure that they are not rancid or musty.

    Pumpkin seeds should be stored in an airtight container in the refrigerator. They may stay edible for several months.

    Tips for Preparing and Cooking

    Tips for Preparing Pumpkin Seeds

    While most stores sell pumpkin seeds, it is fun and easy to make your own. To do so, first remove the seeds from the pumpkin's inner cavity and wipe them off with a paper towel if needed to remove excess pulp that may have stuck to them. Spread them out evenly on a paper bag and let them dry out overnight.

    Place them in a single layer on a cookie sheet and light roast them in a 160-170°F (about 75°C) oven for 15-20 minutes. By roasting them for a short time at a low temperature you can help to preserve their healthy oils.

    How to Enjoy

    A Few Quick Serving Ideas

    • Add pumpkin seeds to healthy sautéed vegetables.
    • Sprinkle pumpkin seeds on top of mixed green salads.
    • Grind pumpkin seeds with fresh garlic, parsley and cilantro leaves. Mix with olive oil and lemon juice for a tasty salad dressing.
    • Add chopped pumpkin seeds to your favorite hot or cold cereal.
    • Add pumpkin seeds to your oatmeal raisin cookie or granola recipe.
    • Next time you make burgers, whether it be from vegetables, turkey or beef, add some ground pumpkin seeds.

    For some of our favorite recipes, click Recipes.

    Individual Concerns

    Pumpkin seeds are not a commonly allergenic food and are not known to contain measurable amounts of oxalates or purines.

    Nutritional Profile

    Pumpkin seeds are a very good source of the minerals phosphorus, magnesium and manganese. They are also a good source of other minerals including zinc, iron and copper. In addition, pumpkin seeds are a good source of protein.

    For an in-depth nutritional profile click here: Pumpkin seeds.

    In-Depth Nutritional Profile

    In addition to the nutrients highlighted in our ratings chart, an in-depth nutritional profile for Pumpkin seeds is also available. This profile includes information on a full array of nutrients, including carbohydrates, sugar, soluble and insoluble fiber, sodium, vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, amino acids and more.

    Introduction to Food Rating System Chart

    In order to better help you identify foods that feature a high concentration of nutrients for the calories they contain, we created a Food Rating System. This system allows us to highlight the foods that are especially rich in particular nutrients. The following chart shows the nutrients for which this food is either an excellent, very good, or good source (below the chart you will find a table that explains these qualifications). If a nutrient is not listed in the chart, it does not necessarily mean that the food doesn't contain it. It simply means that the nutrient is not provided in a sufficient amount or concentration to meet our rating criteria. (To view this food's in-depth nutritional profile that includes values for dozens of nutrients - not just the ones rated as excellent, very good, or good - please use the link below the chart.) To read this chart accurately, you'll need to glance up in the top left corner where you will find the name of the food and the serving size we used to calculate the food's nutrient composition. This serving size will tell you how much of the food you need to eat to obtain the amount of nutrients found in the chart. Now, returning to the chart itself, you can look next to the nutrient name in order to find the nutrient amount it offers, the percent Daily Value (DV%) that this amount represents, the nutrient density that we calculated for this food and nutrient, and the rating we established in our rating system. For most of our nutrient ratings, we adopted the government standards for food labeling that are found in the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's "Reference Values for Nutrition Labeling."

    Pumpkin Seeds
    0.25 cup
    32.25 grams
    180.28 calories
    World's Healthiest
    Foods Rating
    manganese 1.47 mg 73.5 7.3 very good
    tryptophan 0.17 g 53.1 5.3 very good
    magnesium 190.92 mg 47.7 4.8 very good
    phosphorus 397.64 mg 39.8 4.0 very good
    copper 0.43 mg 21.5 2.1 good
    protein 9.75 g 19.5 1.9 good
    zinc 2.52 mg 16.8 1.7 good
    iron 2.84 mg 15.8 1.6 good


    PSYLLIUM HUSK POWDER     $ 4.34/100g  

    PSYLLIUM HUSKS WHOLE     $ 4.48    

    PSYLLIUM SEED POWDER      $ 4.05    

    PSYLLIUM SEED WHOLE        $ 4.36


    Psyllium SEED and Psyllium HULLS, whole and powder Profile


    HULLS Constituents:  Fiber, The seed has less fiber than the husk but more plant nutrients.  Parts Used:  The whole husk from de-husked seeds.   SEED Constituents:  Ascorbic acid, aucubin, beta-carotene, beta-sitosterol, calcium, chromium, cobalt, fiber, linoleic acid, magnesium, manganese, mucilage, niacin, oleic acid, oxalic acid, phosphorous, potassium, riboflavin, selenium, sodium, stigmasterol, thiamine, tin, zinc. The seed has less fiber than the husk but a wide range of nutrients the husks do not.  Parts UsedWhole Seed without husk.

    Typical HULL Preparations:  As a cold water tea. The ground or whole husk must always be taken with at least 1 full 8 oz. glass of water or more. Can mix juice & water 50/50 to make taste more palatable.  May also be taken in capsule form. Because of its rather neutral flavor it may be added to most food dishes.   

    Typical SEED Preparations:  Ground seed always taken with at least 1 full glass of water. If not grinding, soak in warm water for 2 to 6 hours before use. May also be taken as an extract and sometimes as a capsule, though rare. Because of its neutral flavor it may be added to most food dishes.

    Psyllium seed has certain advantages over psyllium husk. It contains a range of nutrients the husk does not. Having less pectin, it degrades more slowly in the digestive tract, releasing acetates and butyrates that may protect the lining of the colon from mutations that lead to colon cancer. It does not, however, relieve constipation as quickly as psyllium husk.

    Summary:  The authoritative Complete German Commission E Monographs states that psyllium seed can be used to treat: "Chronic constipation; disorders in which easy bowel movements with a loose stool are desirable, e.g., in patients with anal fissures, hemorrhoids, following anal/rectal surgery; during pregnancy; as a secondary medication in the treatment of various kinds of diarrhea and in the treatment of irritable bowel."
    The question most frequently asked about psyllium is, how can the same herb treat both constipation and diarrhea? The answer is that psyllium regulates the amount of time waste matter takes to transit the colon. In diarrhea, the fibers in psyllium absorb excess fluid and slow down movement through the colon. In constipation, the same fibers add volume to the stool and make it easier to pass through the colon.
    Research studies show that psyllium seed is more useful than wheat bran for treating constipation caused by irritable bowel syndrome. The dosage of psyllium seed required to treat the condition is half the dosage of wheat bran, and psyllium results in less bloating and more frequent bowel movement. 
      The latest application of psyllium husks (hulls) is in treating diabetes. Indian researchers report in the September 2005 edition of the Journal of Ethnopharmacology that diabetics who take 5 grams (about 2 scant tablespoons) of psyllium husk powder 30 minutes before breakfast and dinner for 4 weeks experience:
    ´ Lower fasting blood sugars
    ´ Lower glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1C)
    ´ Higher HDL ("good") cholesterol

    Other studies have found that regular use of psyllium husk products lower total cholesterol in persons who do not have diabetes. The May 2005 edition of Archives of Internal Medicine reported that taking psyllium increased the effectiveness of Zocor (simvastatin) allowing a 50% reduction in the dose of the prescription drug.  Psyllium products reduce appetite. By bulking the stool, they relieve pain caused by ulcerative colitis and reduce the frequency of fecal incontinence. 

    Precautions:  Never take both psyllium and a stimulant laxative (senna, rhubarb, buckthorn, cascara sagrada, frangula, or an over-the-counter stimulant laxative such as Ex-Lax). The fibers in psyllium interfere with the absorption of nutrients (especially vitamin B12) and most medications, so take psyllium at least 2 hours before or after eating or taking supplements or medications and it is recommended that you consult a physician first. Always take any Psyllium product with at least 1 full glass of water.


    RASPBERRY LEAF  C/S   CO         $ 7.13/100g    

    RASPBERRY LEAF POWDER         $ 6.38

    Additional information for taking this tea during pregnancy - very helpful


     Make a deliciously healthy Rasberry tea by pouring a cup of boiling water over the 1-2 teaspoons of leaves inside a teapot.  Close the pot & allow to steep 10 min.  Sweeten with honey & drink warm, up to 3 times daily. Eases morning sickness; relaxes leg cramps; is treatment for anemia; use as a uterine relaxant; decreases mentrual flow; treatment for canker & cold sores; reversal of gingivitis; relief from diarrhea; is a calming sleep aid. The study published in the Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health in 2001 found that women who drank raspberry leaf tea had shorter labor, and fewer of their babies were delivered by forceps. The other study, published in the Australian College of Midwives Journal stated: "The findings also suggest ingestion of the herb might decrease the likelihood of pre and post-term gestation. An unexpected finding in this study seems to indicate that women who ingest raspberry leaf might be less likely to receive an artificial rupture of their membranes, or require a caesarean section, forceps or vacuum birth than the women in the control group." In other words, scientific studies show that drinking raspberry tea actually is beneficial during pregnancy.  Precautions: Safe dosages for children under the age of 6 and for persons with liver or kidney disease have not been established. 

    Typical Preparations
    Tea. To make raspberry leaf tea, pour 1 cup (240 ml) of boiling water over 1 or 2 teaspoons (3-5 grams) of dried leaf. Close the teapot and allow to stand for 10 minutes, then sweeten to taste. During pregnancy, drink 2 to 3 cups daily. Drink warm, NOT HOT.

    RED CLOVER LEAF  C/S                          $ 5.54/100g    

    RED CLOVER BLOSSOMS WHOLE           $ 7.88/100g

    RED CLOVER TOPS POWDER                  $ 7.45/100g 

     Natural source of phytoestrogens      Excellent blood cleanser

     Supports regular hormonal balance     Helpful for symptoms of PMS & Menopause 

    Introduction:  Red clover has been used medicinally to treat a wide variety of conditions, many of them having to do with reproductive functions and menopause. The plant itself has had many uses over the centuries. Traditional Chinese medicine believed that it was a good tonic for colds, to purify the blood. Native Americans used it as a salve for burns, as well as for bronchial problems. While these uses are traditional, modern science has recently isolated isoflavones from red clover plants that are similar in shape and action to estrogen. Among its common uses are to relieve the symptoms of PMS in premenopausal women, and in place of hormone replacement therapy in menopausal women. Studies have suggested that red clover isoflavones are more effective in reducing heat flashes than pharmaceutical preparations, and can delay bone loss associated with osteoporosis. Red clover also appears to reduce the levels of LDL (bad) cholesterol, limit the progress of benign prostate hyperplasia and reduce the buildup of plaque that causes heart disease. Finally, red clover has been used topically to help treat psoriasis and other skin conditions, and promote healing in skin wounds while reducing infection.   

    Summary:  Red clover may help reduce the effects of PMS and menopause and reduce the pain associated with menstrual periods. The estrogen-like action limits grown in benign prostate hyperplasia in men, and reduces the severity and frequency of hot flashes during menopause in women. Used topically, it promotes healing of skin wounds and conditions like psoriasis. Taking red clover may reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke by improving the cholesterol profile and toning the arterial walls, as well as by preventing the clumping of red blood cells that build up on the linings of arteries. The flowers are the most potent but are far harder to produce and the price reflects. A suitable alternative although less potent is the leaf and flower.   Precautions:  Red clover should not be taken by pregnant or nursing women, as the effects on developing fetus and infants is not determined. There are some studies that suggest taking red clover may affect fetal development. It is also recommended that you do not take red Clover while on blood thinning medication.

    Red clover is a perennial plant that grows wild in most temperate climates. It has been used medicinally to treat a wide variety of conditions, many of them having to do with reproductive functions and menopause. The plant itself has had many uses over the centuries. Pliny wrote that it was good for urinary tract infections if taken with wine. Druids believed that it could ward off evil spells and witches, while Medieval Christians believed that the three lobbed leaves were associated with the trinity and the four lobbed leaves as a symbol of the cross. Traditional Chinese medicine believed that it was a good tonic for colds, to purify the blood, and at one time burned it as incense. Native Americans used it as a salve for burns, as well as for bronchial problems. While these uses are traditional, modern science has recently isolated isoflavones from red clover plants that are similar in shape and action to estrogen. Among its common uses are to relieve the symptoms of PMS in premenopausal women, and in place of hormone replacement therapy in menopausal women. Studies have suggested that red clover isoflavones are more effective in reducing heat flashes than pharmaceutical preparations, and can delay bone loss associated with osteoporosis. Red clover also appears to reduce the levels of LDL (bad) cholesterol, limit the progress of benign prostate hyperplasia and reduce the buildup of plaque that causes heart disease. Finally, red clover has been used topically to help treat psoriasis and other skin conditions, and promote healing in skin wounds while reducing infection.

    Constituents :  Isoflavones        Parts Used : Flowers and sometimes the leaf and flower

    Typical Preparations : Tea, in capsules and extracts. May also be eaten raw and seldom in salads.

    Rhodiola is POSSIBLY SAFE when taken by mouth, short-term (for up to four weeks). The safety of long-term use is not known. The potential side effects of rhodiola are not known.

    Special Precautions & Warnings:

    Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Not enough is known about the use of rhodiola during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

    Info from:  

    RHODIOLA ROSEA ROOT C/S  CO    $ 12.88/100g
    RHODIOLA ROSEA Root Powder  CO  $ 13.40/100g

    Reduces stress    Fights mental fatigue & boosts energy levels 

     Altitude sickness    Enhances mood, sleep & mental focus  

    Anti-oxidant protection     Increases immune function  

      Offers adrenal support

    Rhodiola is a plant, and the root is used as medicine.used for many conditions, but so far, there isn’t enough scientific evidence to determine whether or not it is truly effective for any of them.

    Rhodiola is used for increasing energy, stamina, strength and mental capacity; and as a so-called “adaptogen” to help the body adapt to and resist physical, chemical, and environmental stress. It is also used for improving athletic performance, shortening recovery time after long workouts, improving sexual function; for depression; and for heart disorders such as irregular heartbeat and high cholesterol.

    Some people use rhodiola for treating cancer, tuberculosis, and diabetes; preventing cold and flu, aging, and liver damage; improving hearing; strengthening the nervous system; and enhancing immunity.

    Rhodiola is native to the arctic regions of Europe, Asia, and Alaska. It has a long history of use as a medicinal plant in Iceland, Sweden, France, Russia, and Greece. It is mentioned by the Greek physician Dioscorides as early as the first century AD.

    Some people use the term “arctic root” as the general name for this product; however, arctic root is actually a trademarked name for a specific commercial extract.

    How does it work?

    Rhodiola extracts might help protect cells from damage, regulate heartbeat, and have the potential for improving learning and memory. However, none of these effects have been studied in humans.

    Insufficient Evidence for:

    • Depression. Preliminary research shows that taking rhodiola might improve symptoms of depression after 6 weeks of treatment in people with mild-to-moderately severe depression.
    • Fatigue. Preliminary evidence suggests that rhodiola might decrease fatigue in stressful situations. A particular rhodiola extract seems to decrease fatigue and increase a sense of well-being in students taking exams, night-shift workers, and sleep-deprived military cadets. But it’s too early to generalize results.
    • Anxiety. Results from a small study suggest a particular rhodiola extract might lower anxiety in people with a condition called generalized anxiety disorder.
    • Improving athletic performance. There is conflicting evidence on the effectiveness of rhodiola in improving athletic performance.
    • Stress-associated heart disorders.
    • High cholesterol.
    • Irregular heartbeat.
    • Cancer.
    • Aging.
    • Diabetes.
    • Hearing loss.
    • Tuberculosis.
    • Sexual problems.
    • Increasing energy.
    • Other conditions.
    More evidence is needed to rate rhodiola for these uses.

    RHUBARB ROOT C/S  CO (Turkey)  $ 9.05/100g              

    RHUBARB ROOT POWDER  CO (Turkey)   $ 8.54

    --Like buckthorn, cascara sagrada, frangula, and senna, turkey rhubarb encourages bowel movement by inhibiting the smooth muscles that retain stool and stimulating the smooth muscles that push stool through the intestine. The herb doesn't work unless the sennosides in the herb are transformed into rheinanthrones by beneficial bacteria in the colon. Rhubarb is more appropriate than senna, however, when irregularity follows treatment with antibiotics; it is less dependent on the symbiotic bacteria of the colon. Chinese physicians today use rhubarb root teas to treat stubborn infections of the skin caused by Staphylococcus aureus. A powder of rhubarb root and licorice can be made into a plaster to treat boils and furuncles.   Precautions:  If you experience cramping, you've taken too much. On the other hand, if you take only a tiny amount of rhubarb, you will become constipated. In very small doses, the tannins in rhubarb are more effective than the purgative chemicals and the herb actually causes constipation. Use as directed. Don't take rhubarb or any other stimulant laxative if you take Lasix (furosemide); the combination can lead to potassium depletion. Not known to be safe during pregnancy, although no complications have ever been reported. Not recommended for long term use.
    Also known as:  Rheum palmatum, Rhubarb root, da huang, and Chinese rhubarb.     Introduction:  Turkey rhubarb has been used as a purgative for at least 2,000 years. Its used was recorded in the Chinese medical text Divine Husbandman's Classic of the Materia Medica nearly two centuries before the beginning of the Christian era. Rhubarb roots are dug in September or October after the stem and leaves of the plant are withered by frost. The roots should only dug after the plants are about 2-3 years old, and the maximum effectiveness of the roots as a purgative requires that they be aged for about 6-12 months.    
    Constituents:  Anthaquinone glycosides including chrysophanol, emodin, aloe-emodin, rhein, physcion; as well as cinnamic acid, calcium oxalate, fructose, glucose, tannic acids, and sennosides A, B, and C.     Parts Used:  Dried root, chopped and powdered.     Typical Preparations:  Traditionally used as a tea or tincture. Combined with cinnamon to relieve chronic constipation, Mugwort to relieve flank pain, peony for constipation and hemorrhoids, or with magnolia bark and bitter orange for constipation accompanied by high fever. May also be taken as a capsule for convenience.

    ROOIBOS (Red) TEA   (S Africa)         $ 4.70/100g

    --Rooibos is an ultra fine, delicate tea that has a hearty red color. It has a superior, natural sweetness that is unsurpassed and drinks down like Kukicha twig tea…smooth and succulent with an aromatic after taste.  Modern medical institutes and, most notably Japan have taken quick notice of the medical benefits of consuming this beverage and have amassed findings on Rooibos including anti-viral, anti-spasmodic and anti-allergic properties. They have also found that Rooibos is over 50 times more active in anti-oxidant properties then green tea! This is good news for a lot of green tea drinkers especially because of the low price of Rooibos, it makes a wonderful economical alternative.
    Rooibos is caffeine free, rich in naturally occurring trace elements, and contains healthy amounts of Iron, Magnesium, Potassium, Fluoride, Manganese, Zinc, Calcium, and Vitamin C. It also contains fair amounts of alpha-hydroxy acid, which is known to promote healthy skin. This is truly an amazing plant that is just starting to make its way into western culture from its mountain peak home of South Africa.  Brew fpr 3-4 minutes.  A semi-sweet tea with a resemblance to honey, roses and melon.  Has a rich, succulent and enchanting aroma - &
    NO Caffeine!

    ROSEHIPS POWDER WC     $ 5.00/100g    

    ROSEHIPS WHOLE  WC        3.95/100  

    Rose hips have a long history of use in traditional medicine. The iron in rose hips make them an excellent supplement for menstruating women, and rose hip tea is a rich source of vitamin C, carrying all the benefits of that vitamin. In addition, the various flavonoids in rose hips have potent antioxidant action, helping to protect the body from the effects of stress, aging and the environment.  Precautions:  Non

    Also known as:  Rosa canina, Hip Berry, Rose Haws, Rose Heps, Wild Boar Fruit, Wild Rose and Dog Rose     Introduction:  Rose hips develop on wild roses as the flowers drop off. The rose hip, also called the rose haw, is actually the fruit of the rose. They are one of the most concentrated sources of vitamin C available, which has led to rose hips being included in many common cold preventives and remedies. While the efficacy of vitamin C in preventing the common cold has been questioned, there's no doubt about the beneficial effects of vitamin C. In addition to C, rose hips also contain A, D and E, as well as antioxidant flavonoids that may reduce the effects of aging and help prevent cancer. All this is wrapped up in the tart-sweet taste of the miniature fruits. They can be used to make jelly, jam, soup or oil. During World War II, the British government used collected rose hips to make rose hip syrup as a source of vitamin C to replace citrus fruits that were impossible to get.     Constituents:  Vitamins A, C, D, E, flavonoids, lycopene, iron.     Parts Used:  Fruit either shelled or powdered.e known.     Typical Preparations:  Most commonly found in tea and liquors. Seldom found in capsule or extract form.


    ROSEMARY LEAF WHOLE  WC         $ 2.79 /100g          

    Fresh from Morocco

    --Antioxidant, antiseptic, and antispasmodic- Rrosemary is a key herb in European herbal medicine. For centuries, rosemary has been used to treat arthritis, baldness, headaches, stomach upset, pains, strains, cuts, scrapes, and bruises. Contemporary scientific research suggests that rosemary may be useful for: Alzheimer's disease- phytochemicals in rosemary may prevent the breakdown of acetylcholine, a chemical that allows neurons within the brain to communicate with each other. Cancer- several laboratory studies suggest that rosemary contains compounds that prevent carcinogenic chemicals from binding to and inducing mutations in DNA. Circulatory problems- the camphor content in finely chopped rosemary or essential oil of rosemary to bath water helps stimulate blood circulation the skin. Eczema- increased circulation in the skin after application of rosemary may carry away inflammatory chemicals. Indigestion. And Rosemary can help prevent abdominal cramps. Irritable bowel syndrome- Rosemary relieves intestinal cramps and spasms by stimulating the release of bile that helps digest fat. It also relieves bloating and gas. Menstrual cramps- antioxidant compounds in rosemary prevent uterine spasms. Yeast infection- Rosemary is not only a fungicidal but also diuretic. It stops growth of yeast and helps remove yeast cells from the lining of the urinary tract. The leaves and the (essential oil distilled form the leaves) are used in herbal medicine.& food manufacturers add rosemary to meats and sauces as an antioxidant and stabilizer. The herb is also used to make liqueurs.   Precautions:  Women who have heavy periods should avoid excessive use of rosemary, since it stimulate menstrual flow. The herb should not be used medicinally during pregnancy. Small amounts of rosemary used in cooking, however, are safe for pregnant women and for women who have heavy periods. The essential oil is used in aromatherapy but should not be taken internally

      Typical Preparations:  Teas and tinctures, however it is most popularly used in cooking.     Constituents:  1,8-cineole, acetic acid, camphor, carnosol, carvacrol, carvone, caryophyllene, chlorogenic acid, geraniol, hesperidin, limonene, luteolin, rosmarinic acid, salicylates.

    ROSE PETALS  ( PINK)    $4.92/100G           Boosts your ENERGY

    Plant Chemicals
    The petals contain volatile oil, tannic acid, coloring matter, saccharine matter, mineral salts, and salts of malic and tartaric acids, etc. In addition to substantial proportions of vitamin C, rose petals contain other chemical amalgams, which comprise 11 per cent of pectin and three per cent of a mix of malic and citric acids. Researchers are of the opinion that the presence of malic acid and citric acid are the reason behind the laxative and diuretic effects.

    Uses & Benefits of Rose Petals

    • Rose petals are rejuvenating and prove to be a tonic.
    • They are used to treat internal asthma, high blood pressure, bronchitis, slow circulation, diarrhea, dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation), cough, fever and fluid retention, indigestion, insomnia, palpitation, stress and urinary tract infections.
    • Due to their strong and pleasant fragrance, rose petals are used for making essential oils and perfumes.
    • They are ingested as a tea to provide a comforting effect and diminish body temperatures during high fevers.
    • The tea also effectively cleanses toxins and heat from the body.
    • The infusion prepared from the rose petals is used to alleviate cold and flu symptoms.
    • The infusion is also effective in treating sore throats, runny nose and congested bronchial tracts.
    • The petals effectively combat infections in the digestive system and restore the normal and essential bacteria in the intestines.
    • They have a diuretic effect and hence, are beneficial in relieving excessive fluids from the urinary bladder.
    • Rose petals help to get rid of the waste and toxic substances in the body, through the kidneys.
    • They alleviate problems of insomnia, depression, fatigue and comfort tetchiness.

    Rose Petal Tea Recipe: The benefits of rose petals can be employed in a variety of ways. For example, brewing a hot cup of rose petal tea by stirring a teaspoon of dried, ground rose petals in a cup of hot water before adding some amount of honey, pieces of dried citrus or even a small amount of peppermint for additional flavoring if you wish, but the tea alone is very pleasant. Cover the concoction for a period of about 10 minutes before straining and consuming.

      Rose water is another simple remedy that helps you take advantage of all the benefits that rose petals provide
    . All that is required is to slowly simmer a full cup of dried rose petals in about two pints of hot water and cover the mixture for a period of about 45 minutes. Strain the concoction and store it in the fridge for regular consumption.





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